Ivy gourd may be truly a dioecious perennial climbing or else trailing herbaceous creeper. Its creeper has sized 3 meters tall that in general is growing in a sun-drenched protected place. It likes sandy soil and it contains tuberous root system associated with green stems, and ribbed as young, glabrous, in such simple, axillary tendrils. With five lobes, leaves are palmate when the shape varies from the heart to pentagon form with size of the leaves around 5-10 centimeters of width and length. At upper surface, the leaf has no hair while the lower is hairy. Flowers are normally star-shaped, large and white and around 4 centimeters in diameter and next it has five long tubular petals being been blooming in period of August-September. So, it is a plant that may eat both leaves and fruit.
Ivy gourd may be truly smooth, ovoid to ellipsoid in such shape and so small they may be realized as berry. Its dimensions may be 60 millimeters long by 15-35 diameter. As for skin, it may be smooth along with variations of green and white. It may be green with longitudinal stripes as young and next it turns to bright red and ripe. Inside, the clear white flesh of fruit seems like the appearance with taste of cucumber, displaying various seeds. The flesh may be just as crispy and tasty in texture consuming s lightly bitter aftertaste. It contains many pale flattened seeds 7 millimeters long and due to its wonderful taste, it may be counted into various delicacies.
Ivy gourd is native to East Africa of which it has been encroached in diverse parts of tropical Asia, America, and Pacific, still it has become invasive only in Hawaiian and Marianna Islands of the Pacific. Then actual small populations are circulated thru western Australia, the northern territory and the northern coastal parts of Queensland. Looking at nutritional value, except their delightful taste Ivy gourd is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and mineral. Per serving 100 grams of ivy gourd, it contains 1.4 milligrams of iron, 00.8 milligram of vitamin B2, 0.07 milligram of vitamin B1, 1.6 milligram of total dietary fiber and 40 milligrams of calcium.
Ivy gourd may help to reduce blood sugar level. In long time of history, ivy gourd was used an Ayurvedic medicine for diabetes in India and Sri Lanka. Long lean stem tops and young leaves have been cooked and consumed as potherb and added to soups. Green fruits have been used either as salads or cooked and mixed to curries. Accordingly, raw gourd leaves decreased the postprandial blood sugar levels attesting the herb refining the glucose tolerance according University of Kelaniya research stated. So, it indeed may have a potential ability to lower blood sugar in vessels.
Ivy gourd may protect obesity. Its root has an anti-obesity property based on research conducted by Bunkrongcheap et al. It performed directly on pre-adipocytes by barring their differentiation thru down-regulation with at least the key adipogennic transcription factor-PPARy. Due to anti-adipogenic agent in this plant, it might be fitting to its use to expand metabolic diseases encouraged by obesity, in adding to make a blood sugar lowering effect.
Ivy gourd may reduce fatigue. Due to iron in ivy gourd, its rich food is comprised in the diet plan for eliminating explained or long-lasting fatigue may happen for both men and women. Note, iron may be received both from vegetarian and non-vegetarian. What’s more, fatigue may be come from iron deficiency. Ivy gourd contains 1.4 milligrams of iron in which it represents 17.50% of the daily recommended value. Accordingly, presenting of ivy gourd in the diet retains us fit, healthy, and energetic both internally and in our external life. Note, iron deficiency may frequently reason body weakness, severe fatigue and other connected health diseases. Indeed, those who face iron deficiency may not accomplish functions and optimal way.
Ivy gourd may protect the nervous system. Its vitamin B2 plays a nice role to deal with the nervous system and it is a water soluble vitamin. Body is required to a daily dosage because it may be not stored in the body. It may be produced in energy production and represented an essential nutrient in the diet. Ivy gourd, its nutrients, vitamins, and antioxidants, may strengthen the nervous system and deal with various nervous connected issues, for example, Alzheimer’s ailment, epilepsy, numbness, multiple sclerosis, anxiety and amid others. Lastly, its vitamin B6 plays a crucial role to handle the painful symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Ivy gourd may retain a healthy metabolism. Its vitamin B1 may help to change carbohydrates into glucose that may be the favored source of energy and so the body runs off to retain metabolism running naturally. It may break down proteins and fats as well. Because of vitamin B1 in ivy gourd, it may carry the blood and plasma and next be used by the cells to convert energy after being ate ivy gourd. Note, ivy gourd has 0.07 milligram of vitamin B1 being represented 15.83% of daily recommended value.
Ivy gourd contains thiamine or vitamin B1. It plays a crucial role to produce red blood cells that have been for constant energy. Note, vitamin B groups are naturally energy boosting and critical to make ATD from foods. Actually, we frequently discern B vitamin complex supplements categorized as energy boosting or even health metabolism products. Ivy gourd intake in supplement form may provide us sometimes to patients in order to help correct metabolism disorders connected with genetic diseases.
Ivy gourd is high fiber that may keep the digestive tract healthy. The fiber included in diet is mainly benefitted to improve the health of the digestive system. Note, dietary fiber provides a crucial role to increase the weight and size of the stool and softens it. Regular consumption of ivy gourd may be significant to make further bulk to the faeces. Increased fiber consumption may benefit a number of gastrointestinal disorders, for example, duodenal ulcer, hemorrhoids, gastro esophageal reflux disease, constipation, and diverticulitis. As typical practice, soluble fiber may slow down the rate of digestion being been frequently prevailed by insoluble fiber. This does not absorb water and speeds up the time and next it passes the food thru the gut and keeps the digestive system healthy. So, the fiber in ivy gourd provides several benefits to prevent throat till anus from many ailments.
Ivy gourd may prevent kidney stones. As seen in kidney fact, kidney stone is really a crystallized form of calcium including other minerals deposited in the human urinary tract. Note, most of characteristic form of kidney stones is oxalate stones. While we get higher consumption of calcium intake or high calcium absorption, we may get any result in kidney stones. However, the modern study asserted that the higher dietary calcium intake may reduce the chance of stones considerably. In fact, dietary calcium existed in ivy gourd does not cause kidney stones, but in turn excess calcium in water may cause kidney stones. In other words, some factors like high oxalate consumption of leafy vegetables i.e. spinach and spinach, and less fluid consumption may cause kidney stones. In short, regular consumption of ivy gourd may be far away from kidney stone.
Ivy gourd has been practiced several traditional uses long time ago. In ancient time, it had been used to combat inflammatory, anticonvulsant, wound curing, bronchial inflammation, antiulcer, coughs, purgative, respiratory mucosae, antiemetic, astringent poultice and treatment of diabetes mellitus, gout and skin diseases, asthma and antipyretic. Besides, it may reduce high blood pressure and to remedy abscesses, fruits, stems and leaves have been used. The leaves mixed with gingelly oil or sesame oil have been used to remedy ring worm, psoriasis and itch, and mixed with oil to cure skin diseases cutaneous eruptions of small pox.
Ivy gourd, in fact, juice of the leaves, stem and roots help to cure intermittent glycosuria, diabetes, sore-tongues, intermittent glycosuria, enlarged glands earaches, and skin diseases i.e. pityriasis. It may also treat urinary tract infection and other related troubles. Beyond, the leaves have been used for treatment in relation with bronchitis, burns, skin eruptions, syphilis and gonorrhea, jaundice and rheumatism. Its dried root bark contains cathartic properties and so it may alleviate pain in joints, skin lesions, apthous ulcer and diabetes; root tubers are often used. What’s more, green fruit have been chewed to remedy sores on tongue and the dried fruit have been used to fight eczema. Likewise, coccinia powder has been used for handling liver weakness, retching and worm infestation, and gastro – intestinal disturbances. It may purify blood, dysentery, curb infection in the body, be effective against long-lasting cough and cold and provide good results for bronchitis and asthma. Lastly, ivy gourd’s stem infusion is specified for vertigo, the roots used for high fiver, and the leaves for skin complaints in Moluccas.
Ivy gourd may have some side effects in human body and organs. For instance, when we get reduced sugar level in case of diabetes, we should not eat dietary staple with gourd, leaves or even extracts. We should not consume dietary staple for around two weeks before scheduled surgery due to its effect of blood sugar. When we get allergic reaction to various members of curcurbitaceae family of vegetables, we should not consume dietary staple with gourd and then please let discuss with doctor or physician in any case, for example, signs of hypersensitive reaction, like an allergy, inflammation or even trouble breathing.